Urban Agriculture Movement
During WW2, urban farming - or what was then referred to as ‘victory gardens’ supplied 40% of the vegetables grown in the US. This was in response to pressures at that time for those living on rations and to also help prevent food shortages. Surprisingly, urban farming has stemmed as far back as the eighteenth century with French ribbon farms in Detroit.
Traditional methods of agriculture are now becoming a brewing problem. As the availability of arable land diminishes due to issues such as climate change, soil degradation and inadequate levels of Ph in the soil, this is becoming a global problem in terms of food stability. In the UK alone, only 1.5% of the population is involved in agriculture, which is a 32% decline since 1996. As the technological revolution keeps growing, we are faced with the problem of fewer people wanting to become farmers.
The number of droughts, imminent threats of natural disasters and the displacement of migrant refugees that has made it a threatening problem, for those living in many parts of the world. Our agriculture system needs to adjust to the adverse effects of global warming. For many across the world they are independent on their crops to provide sources of food as well financial income.
Projects and Initiatives
Urbanised agriculture; a division of CEA provides a promising path in the development of future cities. It is now within our capacity to move our farms directly to urbanised areas, which mean our food production will be produced in densely populated areas.
There has been a surge of new start-ups globally, converting unused factories, warehouses and office buildings into urban farms in the last decade. Many are building new glasshouses for that superior mix of natural sunlight and artificial lights that favour growing conditions. Indoor systems are in various demographics, including urban rooftops, parking lots and restaurants. This new movement will serve as a pivotal network for people to have transparent, high-quality food from local sources. The urban farming frenzy has seen many taking the plunge to grow crops in high rise greenhouses in the city. Strategically placing farms besides the endpoints of consumption,spoilage is minimised and quality degradation is mitigated thus ensuring a longer shelf life.
City life has almost entirely disconnected from traditional food sources and urban farming is a movement that will allow us all to reconnect with our fresh produces. Urban agriculture is something protects our bleak economy and allows us to be involved in the technological change which will greatly benefit the produce we eat. A system where agricultural products are not only local but from fresh, healthy and high-quality sources.