Agricultural Technologies Timeline

  • Introduction of seed drill

    At this time, Mr.Jethro Tull who was an English agriculturalist invented the horse drawn seed drill which was a less time consuming way of planting seeds and effectively enabled farmers to plant seeds in neat rows. This seed drill planted seeds at the appropriate depth and covered the hole with soil making the process of seed planting a lot less backbreaking. This was a very ergonomic practice atthetime.

  • Invention of cotton gin

    Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin which separates the fibre from the seed much more quickly than humans could do by hand.This was a key invention of the industrial revolution especially as it shaped the Antebellum South. His invention played a major part in making upland short cotton in a lucrative crop asset.

  • Invention of canning

    An inventor named Bryan Donkin created the tin can.This important innovation allowed people to buy and reserve food for a longer period of time which increased agricultural output as people began to demand more due to lower spoilage rates of produce.

  • The patented mechanical Reaper

    Obed hussey patented the reaper in 1833 which was a significant improvement in the efficiency of reaping as the new innovative reaper only required 2 horses and an individual to work the machine and another to drive. This machinery was better because it left a clean and more even surface after it was used.

  • Invention of steel plow

    John Deere invented the steel plow. The steel framed structure made it ideal for tough soil. This important innovation helped farmers to work the landscape much more efficiently.

  • Invention of Pasteurization

    Louis pasteur invented pasteurization which helped with the reduction of spoilage rate of many consumed produce especially those in the dairy industry. This process eliminates pathogens killing majority of the bacteria which helps with food preservation and safety.This process allows for beverages such as milk to not spoil as fast.

  • The Great agricultural depression

    This was caused by a significant decrease in grain prices following a bad harvest, British imports were excessive from other countries. Britain did not fully recover from the depression until after the second world war.

  • Introduction of refrigeration

    This was a major innovative breakthrough which occurred at the end of the agricultural revolution. During this period, manufacturing and agricultural output increased as a result of being able to store and preserve their food for consumption later.

  • First lightweight petrol powered tractor

    Before the introduction of tractors in the agricultural industry, power was mainly derived from horses. Previously, many types of oil and steam powered engines and tractors were being used but were not efficient in ploughing the land due to the excess weight which was not appropriate for the heavy soil found especially in Britain. This innovative vehicle changed the whole process of ploughing the land which was then exported around the world.

  • The Green revolution

    Norman Borlaug is regarded as the “father of the green revolution” as he led the initiatives towards increasing agricultural production worldwide in many ways through technology and research. These initiatives led to higher yielding varieties including the introduction of various fertilizers ,pesticides, hybridized seeds,irrigation encouraging new methods of cultivation.

  • Invention of Center pivot irrigation machine

    Frank Zybach invented the center pivot irrigation machine which vastly helped improve revolutionise irrigation technology. This Self-­ Propelled Sprinkling Irrigating system which consists of sprinklers attached to arms that exert from a water-­filled hub out to the field.

  • Introduction of Electronic monitoring devices

    The DICKEY-­john Manufacturing Company introduced electronic monitoring devices for farmers which allow them to plant crops more efficiently.The devices are used at harvest time for yield mapping, or measuring and displaying the quality and quantity of a harvest as the combine moves through the field.

  • More farmers began to use low

    input sustainable agriculture (LISA) techniques to reduce relative chemical applications. This further increased crop yields and helped with healthy plant growth.

  • Satellite technology in farming)

    During this year , farmers began to use satellite technology or in other words precision farming to track and plan their farming activity. This helped with responding to inter and intra-field variability in crops. This approach improved farming efficiency on a wider scale helping to manage larger acres of land. Measuring many variables such as crop yield, moisture levels, nitrogen levels,organic matter content and pH levels.

  • Present (Genetically modified organisms)

    GM crops are crops with modified DNA using genetic engineering techniques commonly used in agriculture. This was a revolutionary discovery which helped with crop resistance from pesticides, climate conditions, spoilage and diseases. This led to greater increases in yield globally as many producers would adopt this new engineering technique.

  • Commercialization of telematics

    During the 21st century telematics is a field which covers and integrated telecommunication, wireless communication and man more communication mediums on grounds of software implementations. This brought about the commercialized of “tracking” which involves sending and storing data via telecommunication devices. This was implemented in control vehicles which helped with automotive machinery in the agriculture sector(eg: tractors).

  • Farm-­bot project

    Rory Aronson headed the farm-­bot project in order to tackle the growing population and the demand for at least a 60% increase in food production. The farm bot is an open source precision farming agricultural project which is composed of a well coordinated robot farming machine,software and a farming data repository. The FarmBot genesis holds the capacity to plant over 25 crops including peas, potatoes and artichokes. This efficient automated system has helped to accelerate the process of integrating modern technology and farming.

  • Mechanised agriculture

    The strawberry harvester was developed by Shibuya Seiki in Japan which also holds to capacity to pick a strawberry every eight seconds. The automated robot does this by identifying using separate cameras and once it is deemed ready a strawberry will be picked and placed in a basket. The robot then moves along a rail of strawberries which are commonly accommodated in an elevated greenhouse.

  • Variable rate swath control

    The introduction of these variables has been of assistance in controlling the preservation of seeds, fertilizers and minerals by decreasing overlapping input thus helping with field management.

  • Air and soil sensors

    These sensors have helped with the fundamental understandings of farm, forest and water component conditions. This further helped with crop maintenance on a wider scale due to the efficiency and accessibility of the data collected and stored.

  • FarmBox

    This oustanding technology promises to provide the best alternative farming solution with benefits including a 365 day growing time, lower costs than traditional farming and exceptional returns.
  • Genetically designed food

    Many scientists and biologists are looking into the creation of food animals and plants in order to further align with biological and psychological needs.They are beginning to look into producing genetically designed food which will be engineered from the ground.

  • Infrastructure health sensors

    The usage of these types of sensors will stem from being able to monitor material and vibration conditions in buildings, factories , farms and other infrastructure. If collaborated well with a sophisticated network this will be vital in delivering information to maintenance support teams and even robots. (Persuasive automation)-­ Reid Hamre of AGCO used this phrase illustrate new product features which will futuristically reduce operator workload by taking over the operation of equipments. This will relatively improve labourers operation of equipment and safety during labour activities.

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